Essential Oils for Calcium Deposits

What are Calcium Deposits?

Calcium deposits occur when excess calcium builds up in blood vessels, body tissue or organs. This buildup of calcium can eventually harden and has the potential to disrupt one's body's normal processes, such as walking or exercising movement through muscles.

Calcification can occur in virtually any part of the body that overlies a bony surface. For instance, one can find calcium deposits in fingers or at the joints. One might even find a calcium deposit on eyelid areas.

What Causes Calcium Deposits?

Although a common myth states that calcium deposits are related to getting excess calcium in the diet, this assertion is not based on fact.

Calcium deposits can develop when the kidneys do not eliminate excess calcium levels in the bloodstream, and by an overly stimulated thyroid gland. They can also form a response to trauma or a constant irritation.

Natural Ways of Dissolving Calcium Deposits in the Body

Calcium deposits can be dissolved using many different natural modalities. The following natural remedies for calcium deposits is a partial list that contains some of the most frequently used:

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    Magnesium sulphate (Epsom salt)
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    Ice packs
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    Baking soda
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    Flax seed oil
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    Anti-inflammatory diet
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    Essential oils for dissolving calcium deposits in the body

Healthy human cells contain lower levels of calcium and elevated levels of magnesium. Boosting the magnesium in the system assists in breaking down the calcium deposits, while it restores the natural mineral levels. Bathing in Epsom salts several times a week can aid in this process.

Ice packs applied directly to the affected area can help reduce swelling, and can bring temporary relief. Baking soda, when applied as a paste and brushed, can help break down calcium deposits on the teeth. Flaxseed oil works by helping increase calcium absorption by the body. Additionally, because of its anti-inflammatory properties, flaxseed helps eliminate calcium buildups that cause osteoporosis and arthritis. The same holds true for an anti-inflammatory diet.

Anti-inflammatory Diet 

Eating an anti-inflammatory diet can go far to help prevent calcium deposits, and to help eliminate existing calcium deposits. Foods that are included in an anti-inflammatory diet include:

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    Olive oil
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    Flax seed oil
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    Tomatoes
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    Leafy green vegetables, such as collards, spinach or kale
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    Fatty fish
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    Fresh fruits, such as oranges, cherries, strawberries and blueberries

Applecider Vinegar

Does Apple Cider Vinegar Dissolve Calcium Deposits?

Using apple cider vinegar for calcium deposits is one of the condition's most widely-used natural remedies. However, this method does have some disadvantages.

Apple cider vinegar contains a substance called malic acid, which helps the body dissolve the deposits, and can help ease related arthritis. The malic acid also helps the body to oxygenate the blood, and to attain balanced acid-alkaline pH levels, providing digestive aid, and boosting the immune system.

The suggested dosage for using apple cider vinegar to treat calcium deposits is 1 Tablespoon of high-quality apple cider vinegar in an 8-ounce glass of spring water, 2-3 times per day.

Disadvantages of using Apple Cider Vinegar to Treat Calcium Deposits 

While effective for most people, there are those individuals for whom the treatment does not work well. The substance is highly acidic, and when used in moderation, can have antiseptic properties. However, when used in excess, it can cause damage.

Unless apple cider vinegar is appropriately diluted, it can contribute to the erosion of one's tooth enamel. It has also been known to burn the gums and esophageal tissues. People who have a sensitivity to vinegar can experience burns to the skin if the concentrated liquid comes into direct contact with the skin.

Potassium is one of the primary electrolytes and effects the body's nervous system and balanced hydration. Low potassium levels have been associated with the over-consumption of apple cider vinegar. Bone density loss has also been associated with the long-term use of apple cider vinegar. Therefore, it is prudent to consult with one's doctor before treating calcium deficiencies with apple cider vinegar, particularly for those individuals with osteoporosis or arthritis.

Essential Oils for Calcium Deposits

Bottles of essential oil with rosemary, thyme, creeping thyme, echinacea, wintergreen, lavender, myrrh, frankincense and rose buds on a dark background


Wintergreen

When applied externally, wintergreen essential oil quickly penetrates the skin surrounding the muscles and tissues. This stimulates circulation of blood and helps to clear obstructions, such as calcium deposits, in the flow of blood. Wintergreen essential oil does not allow toxins, such as uric acid to accumulate in the area where it is applied.

Although it is absorbed through the skin, wintergreen essential oil ultimately reaches the bloodstream, where it acts as a diuretic. This speeds up the removal of toxins from the body.

Application and Precautions

Apply this medicinal oil to the bottom of the feet, and to any affected area of the body, avoiding the eye area and genitals. Wintergreen essential oil is poisonous because it contains methyl salicylate. This oil should never be ingested.


Lavender has relaxation properties that can help eliminate or dissipate pain. It can be applied directly to the site of a calcium deposit or added to an Epsom salt bath.

Application and Precautions

Lavender oil can be applied externally to the area where the calcium deposit exists, but should not be applied near the eyes. It can also help to apply it to the soles of the feet.

Pregnant and nursing women and patients who have diabetes should avoid using lavender essential oil. Those with especially sensitive skin should also avoid using lavender essential oil.


Peppermint Oil 

Peppermint oil, especially when blended with lavender oil, has been shown to reduce muscle and joint pain and to reduce the size of calcium deposits in the joints. It has as special cooling, effects. If your calcium deposit site is swollen, this oil can provide fast relief. It is quickly absorbed into the skin, reducing swelling, and joint pain. It also decreases fluid retention. The oil should be applied directly to the site of the calcium deposit, with the exception of the eye and genital areas, and can also be applied to the bottoms of the feet at bedtime.

Application and Precautions

Peppermint oil is safe when used topically at the site of the calcium deposit, so long as it is not near the eyes or genitals, or when taken orally in amounts that are commonly found in food.

Oral ingestion of peppermint oil may possibly result in mild side effects for some, which includes flushing, heartburn, mouth sores or a headache. One should consult his or her physician, should any of these symptoms occur.


Eucalyptus essential oil has properties that are similar to those found in peppermint essential oil. It contains anti-inflammatory properties that can help relieve pain at the site of a calcium deposit. It can be used in the same way as Peppermint essential oil.

Application and Precautions

Eucalyptus essential oil should be massaged in a circular motion on the affected areas of the body, avoiding the eye and the genital regions. It can also be applied to the bottoms of the feet, in small quantities, at bedtime, to be absorbed into the system.
Taken internally, and in large quantities, Eucalyptus oil can be toxic. Additionally, those with allergic sensitivities may contract to a type of airborne contact dermatitis from using Eucalyptus essential oil.


Myrrh oil

Myrrh essential oil contains the components terpenoids and sesquiterpenes. These properties are both anti-inflammatory and antioxidant by nature. They also serve to stimulate blood flow to tissues, which can help reduce the possibilities of the occurrence of calcium deposits and can help reduce the size of existing ones by reducing swelling and increasing blood circulation in the areas of the body where the deposits occur.

Application and Precautions

Myrrh essential oil can be diffused or inhales, applied directly to the skin, used with a cold compress, or taken internally.
Anyone taking anticoagulant heart medication should first consult with a physician before using Myrrh essential oil. People with especially sensitive skin sometimes experience inflammation at the application site. The oil may lower the blood sugar, so those individuals with diabetes or other blood sugar disorders should avoid using it.


Frankincense is shown to reduce pain when applied directly to the site of the calcium deposit. This essential oil has also been shown to be effective in reducing the size of calcium deposits, and of breaking them up, so the system will absorb them.

Application and Precautions

Frankincense can be applied to the bottoms of the feet at bedtime, or rubbed in a circular motion directly at the site of the calcium deposit, except for the eye or genital areas. It can also be diffused into the air and inhaled.

People who have skin sensitivities should avoid using Frankincense essential oil. Avoid using in the eyes, ears, nose or near the genitals.


Liquid Sunshine


Lemon Essential Oil

According to Forbes Magazine, worldwide interest in using lemons is experiencing a steady increase. According to Google Trends, the most popular search terms used in association with lemons, are "lemon and water" and "lemon in water." Typical uses include using it as a garnish, in cooking, as a naturally active cleaning agent and in health and beauty regimes. However, Lemon Essential Oil has recently achieved its gains in popularity. For instance, the oil is favored by people who spend a lot of time outdoors, as it provides needed bursts of energy, and is also used to purify water and is useful as a hand sanitizer.

A lemon tree can potentially produce from 500-600 pounds of fruit annually. Typically, a 15 ml bottle of Lemon Essential Oil requires the oil from approximately 45 lemons to fill it. The oil's primary chemical components consist of a-terpinene, a-pinene, b-pinene, camphene, sabinene, myrcene, limonene (a powerful anti-cancer antioxidant), Linalool, b-bisabolene, trans-a-bergamotene, neral, and nerol.

"Liquid Sunshine"

People often refer to Lemon Essential Oil as “liquid sunshine,” because of its bright yellow color and invigorating aroma. Among its many uses, the oil is popular oil aromatherapy treatments for stress relief, anxiety, and for the treatment of physical and mental fatigue. It can also help with cognitive function and concentration.

More and more businesses are embracing the practice of diffusing Lemon Essential Oil in the workplace after a Japanese study (2008), suggested that its presence eliminated work-related errors by as much as 54%. An additional Japanese study that was published in Nutritional Neuroscience (2009), indicated that lemon pure essential oil worked to improve the memory of subjects who were impaired with dementia. Similar controlled studies are being conducted throughout the United States in medical centers, hospitals and in assisted living centers where there are high incidences of impaired memory among residents. In addition to working as a memory improvement aid, it has also been shown to help eliminate some of the symptoms of depression.

Lemon Essential Oil is also used for its benefits to skin and hair. It can also be used to treat kidney stones and various fungal infections.

History

Lemon Essential Oil comes from the familiar yellow fruit that grows on trees in warm climates. Early Romans referred to it as “median fruit.” The first historical, literary references to lemons were made in a 10th century Arabic piece about farming. Lemon trees are believed to have first been cultivated in India. Through the years, they began a slow journey throughout Europe and the Middle East, via trade and migration. The tree was first cultivated for commercial use in the Mediterranean region around the year 1150. However, the fruit of the lemon tree was not embraced for culinary use until the 15th century.

Christopher Columbus introduced lemon tree seeds to Hispaniola in 1493, where they were planted for medical and ornamental purposes. By the mid-1700s, the trees were being commercially cultivated in California. They arrived in Florida in the 1800s. However, that state stopped producing lemons after a particularly treacherous freeze in 1894.

In the early 1930s, the Principal and Founder of a famous medicinal and commercial herb school in England, Maude Grieve, stated in a book about herbal medicine, that she considered the lemon the most valuable fruit for preserving health. However, at that time, she did not recognize the valuable properties inherent in its oil.

Today, lemons are commercially grown in Brazil, Argentina, China, India, Mexico, Iran, Italy, Turkey, Spain, and in the United States. Each of these countries produces Lemon Essential Oil. The fruits are harvested by hand under specific standards and are usually picked while they are still green. As the lemons are transported to oil production facilities or stores, they slowly go through the process of turning their familiar yellow color.

How is Lemon Essential Oil extracted?

Lemon oil is extracted from the fresh fruit peel by the cold expression method. The peel contains the highest concentration of nutrients, regarding fat-soluble phytonutrients.

What is cold expression?

Cold oil expression involves a process in which the skins of either whole fruit, or just the fruit peel, are punctured, and the essential oil is pressed out. With this method, a small amount of juice is also extracted, which is later separated from the essential oil.

Uses for Lemon Essential Oil

Lemon Essential Oil has a wide array of uses that include, but are not limited to:

Respiratory treatment 

When used with a diffuser, Lemon Essential Oil can contribute toward the cessation of wheezing, colds, cough and other problems of the upper respiratory system.

Throat treatment

When added to warm water and honey, Lemon Essential Oil can help quell a sore throat, slow a cough and eliminate fever. Its bacteria fighting properties are joined by anti-virus properties to add double protection.

Fungicide

Lemon Essential Oil is an effective treatment for nail fungus. Regular application can also help stop its occurrence. 

Calmative agent 

When used with a diffuser, or in a hot bath, Lemon Essential Oil can calm the nerves and instill a feeling of peaceful calm. 

Clarity of thought/concentration

Diffuse Lemon Essential Oil to result in clearer thinking and an increase in the ability to concentrate.

Teeth whitening agent

Mix baking soda, Lemon Essential Oil, and coconut oil to form a paste. Rub on teeth for approximately 2 minutes and then rinse.

Weight loss support

Placing two drops of Lemon Essential Oil in drinking water three times daily can support metabolism and weight loss.

Immune system support

Lemon Essential Oil supports lymphatic drainage and assists in helping overcome colds quickly. Mix it with coconut oil and apply to the neck area.

Complexion wash

Use Lemon Essential Oil to nourish the skin deeply. To make a natural acne free face wash, mix the oil with baking soda and honey.

Nausea and vomiting

Diffused and inhaled, Lemon Essential Oil can work to cease feelings of nausea and vomiting rapidly.

Diabetes

The Central Food Technological Research Institute in India found that geraniol, an ingredient found in Lemon Essential Oil, is useful in the reversal of diabetic neuropathy.

Other uses for Lemon Essential Oil:

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    Toothbrush sanitizer
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    Toilet bowl cleaner
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    Body cleanser
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    Insect repellent
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    Disinfectant
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    Flavor enhancer
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    Food preservative
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    Treatment for dandruff
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    Hair shine
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    Nail care
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    Residue remover
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    Wood polish
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    Laundry freshener
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    Odor eliminator and air freshener
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    Callous remover
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    Treatment for allergies and hay fever
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    Runny nose
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    Energy booster
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    Halitosis (bad breath)
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    Minor wounds
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    Canker sores
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    Psoriasis
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    Glass cleaner
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    Kitchen disinfectant
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    Air freshener
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    Prolong shelf life of fresh fruits and vegetables

How to Use Lemon Essential Oil

The Central Food Technological Research Institute in India found that geraniol, an ingredient found in Lemon Essential Oil, is effective in the reversal of diabetic neuropathy. 

Aromatically in a diffuser
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    Affects mood
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    Cleanses the air
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    Opens airways
Topically
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    Quickly absorbs through the skin
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    Full body benefit
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    Immune support
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    Immediate comfort

Apply a few drops directly on the skin with a carrier oil, and rub in.

Internally 
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    Benefits mouth and throat
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    Supports digestive system
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    Supports immunity

Place 1 to 2 drops under the tongue, or mix in a glass of water and drink, or place a drop in an empty capsule and swallow

Allergic reactions and precautions

Lemon Essential Oil can result in a possible skin sensitivity to sunlight. Therefore, one should wait at least 8-12 hours after applying it to experience full sun exposure.

Even though Lemon Essential Oil is classified as non-toxic, like any essential oil, its potency can be diluted with any carrier oil, such as almond, coconut or olive oil, for those with sensitive skin.

It is crucial to keep Lemon Essential Oil away from children. Women who are under a doctor's care, pregnant, nursing, are advised to consult their physicians before using Lemon Essential Oil. One should avoid contact with eyes, inner ears, and sensitive areas when using this oil.

Resource links

http://sallysorganics.com/lemon/lemon-history/

http://www.selfgrowth.com/articles/increase-your-focus-memory-productivity-lemon-essential-oil-research

Fukumoto, S., Morishita, A., Furutachi, K, et al (2008) Effects of flavour components in Lemon Essential Oil on physical or psychological stress. Stress & Health, V24, Issue 1, 3-12

Components of lemon essential oil attenuate dementia induced by scopolamine
Wenjun Zhou, Syuichi Fukumoto & Hidehiko Yokogoshi
Nutritional Neuroscience Vol. 12 , Iss. 2, 2009 

https://www.doterra.com/US/en/blog/spotlight-lemon-oil

http://www.stockpilingmoms.com/2013/04/34-uses-for-lemon-essential-oil/

http://www.stockpilingmoms.com/2013/04/34-uses-for-lemon-essential-oil/

Trasad, SN Muralidhara, (2014), Protective effects of geraniol (a monoterpene) in a diabetic neuropathy rat model: attenuation of behavioral impairments and biochemical perturbations, Journal of Neuroscience Research, Sept; 92(9)1205-16.
http://www.doctorshealthpress.com/general-health-articles/lemon-essential-oil/

Trieu, R (2014) Lemon Craze: Consumption Up 150% Globally In Growing Economies, Forbes Business, August 8, 2014. Retrieved August 11, 2017, from https://www.forbes.com/sites/rosatrieu/2014/08/08/lemon-craze-consumption-up-150-globally-in-growing-economies/#2a6cd2644191

Infused Oils: How they are made, and how to use them

Facts about Infused Oils

Used to enhance taste and smell to different oils

Can be used in many different products such as food and soap

Has been used for therapeutic uses for more then 5,000 years

Infused oils can also be used as a colorant

Infused Oils : How They Are Made and Their Uses

Infused or macerated oils can be used to add scent, flavor and health benefits to different types of carrier oils, such as olive, coconut or sweet almond oils. To make infused oils, herbs, flowers, peppers, nuts or other plant-based ingredients are typically transferred to specific types of oil and cooked over extremely low heat for long periods of time. This method is called digestion. Other methods of infusing oils will be discussed later in this article. Infused oils differ from essential oils in that they are less concentrated, and different processes are used to make them.

History of Infused Oils

The use of infused oils dates back centuries. According to Aromatherapy: An A-Z, by Patricia Davis, infused oils existed prior to the extraction processes used to make the essential oils used today. The first infused oils were made by Israelis, who placed plant materials into jars of oil to macerate in the sun for as long as 50 days, depending on the materials used. Infused oils made from flowers took less time.Infused oils have, for generations, been regarded as a cure-all by homemakers, monks, doctors, chefs and others, and have remained steadily popular.

Tessserard, (1977, 1988) notes that the use of aromatic plants and oils that used these plants for therapeutic uses, goes back over 5,000 years, where, in Egypt, they were used for both medicinal and spiritual uses. Even earliest civilizations burnt aromatic herbs and woods to drive out evil spirits, which we might now interpret as mental illnesses. In any part of the world, fragrant plants have been, and still are an integral part of the rituals of sorcery, healing and religious practices.

Unlike contemporary times, home kitchens of the past did not have access to the many plants and plant products currently used in infused oils. They were either too expensive or difficult to come by. During these times, only a few essential ingredients were kept at hand. However, today, with help from the Internet, delivery services and well- stocked stores, products used to make infused oils are more within reach.

In early Rome, essential oils were obtained when fat was placed on two pieces of glass with herbs or pressed flowers were placed between them. The essential oil saturated the fat and produced what was known as a chassis. This would be cleared of the plant material, and the process would begin again When the chassis was completely saturated with scent, it was referred to as a pomade, which would be treated with alcohol to create an absolute.

The process was tedious and would take numerous pressings before the oil was strong enough to be used. The resulting product was so expensive to use that only the rich could afford it. This was when infused macerations of oil gained popularity.

An article published by Gritman Essential Oils, entitled, Macerations: the Ancient Art of making Essential Oils, notes that during the early days of making essential oils, they were obtained when fat was placed on two pieces of glass with herbs or pressed flowers were placed between them. The essential oil saturated the fat and produced what was known as a chassis. This would be cleared of the plant material, and the process would begin again When the chassis was completely saturated with scent, it was referred to as a pomade, which would be treated with alcohol to create an absolute.

The process was tedious and would take numerous pressings before the oil was strong enough to be used. The resulting product was so expensive to use that only the rich could afford it. This was when infused macerations of oil gained popularity.

Infused or macerated oils can be used for many different purposes that include:

  • Aromatherapy
  • Insect bites
  • Diaper rash
  • ​Drawing salve
  • ​Body butters
  • ​Herbal massage melts
  • ​Balms
  • Soap making
  • ​Room fragrances
  • ​Food products
  • ​Various medicinal purposes
  • Many others

What is the Difference Between Essential Oil and Infused Oil?

Essential oils

Essential oils are oils that have been distilled from the bark, leaves, roots and other aromatic portions of a plant. These kinds of oils evaporate and have a concentrated aroma. Essential oils are distinct from fixed or carrier oils. They are highly aromatic plant oils. Natural essential oils appear in complex combinations that have specific compositions for each plant.
According to David Bunting of the Herb Pharm Chronicles, essential oils are, when isolated from the plant from which they originated, are considered to be both herbal products, and plant constituents. These oils are volatile, highly aromatic oils that are traditionally used in flavorings, fragrances and medicinally, in aromatherapy. They can vaporize easily at moderate temperatures, and it is this quality that enables their aroma to reach the olfactory receptors to be perceived as fragrances. They are not soluble in water and only marginally soluble in alcohol. Bunting goes further to state that natural essential oils have a specific composition for each plant, and occur in complex combinations


How are Essential Oils Extracted?

Lower quality essential oils are usually extracted from plant material with the use of certain types of solvents. Higher quality oils undergo a process in which steam is passed through the herb or other plant material. Certain essential oils, such as orange, lemon, and other citrus oils, are simply pressed from the fresh plant.

Infused Oils

An infused or macerated oil, consists of a carrier oil or fixed oil, that has been permeated with herbs or other plant matter, such as citrus, nuts or organic vanilla. Infused oils are not as strong as essential oils. However, they do have many of the same beneficial properties. Like essential oils, infused oils are hydrophobic, or resistant to water, so they work well together in combination.


Check out this simple-to-follow video on how to make your own Infused oils, by our friends at Danny Macs Kitchen.



Fixed or Carrier Oils

Oils, such as olive oil, which is used in cooking, consist of lipids or fats. These types of oils are known as fixed oils because they do not readily vaporize. Fixed oils, or carrier oils, contain fatty acid chains. Fixed oils that are cold-pressed from seeds and fatty fruits are considered to be the highest quality. Sesame and olive oils are the oils used most commonly in herbal dietary supplements, but many different types of oil can be found in cosmetic products that use herbs.

Commonly used Carrier Oils

  • Almond oil
  • Avocado oil
  • ​Coconut oil
  • ​Castor Seed oil
  • ​Grapeseed oil
  • ​Olive oil
  • Palm Kernel oil
  • ​Jojoba oil
  • ​Apricot Kernel oil
  • ​Rosehip Seed oil

What You Need to Know About Essential Oils

Essential Oils have been used for thousands of years in various cultures for medicinal and health purposes. Essential oil uses range from aromatherapy, household cleaning products, personal beauty care and natural medicine treatments.

The particles in essential oils come from distilling or extracting the different parts of plants, including the flowers, leaves, bark, roots, resin and peels. In ancient times, Jews and Egyptians made essential oils by soaking the plants in oil and then filtering the oil through a linen bag.

Essential oil benefits come from their antioxidant, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties.


How are Infused Oils Created?

There are numerous ways to make macerations or infused oils. According to the Online Herbal Encyclopedia, Infusing herbs and other plants into oil enable its active medicinal ingredients to be extracted. The encyclopedia notes further, that cold infused oils are cured naturally in the sun, and that those hot infused oils are simmered over low heat.

Heat infusion works best with berries, barks, and roots, so long as the oil is not heated above from 80-90 degrees Fahrenheit to prevent harming the oil. Care should also be taken not to burn any herbs that are used, as this will destroy the intended chemical composition of the mixtures and yield unsatisfactory results. Both types of infused oil can be used externally as massage oils or added to creams and ointments. There are other methods for extracting plant properties for infused oils as well.

Recipes differ regarding the amounts of plant material used in infused oils, whether the plant material is fresh or dried, the amounts of oil used, and the varieties of oils used for the processes. For instance, the solar infusion method entails placing plant matter, such as herbs, flowers, leaves, and bark into the bottom of a glass container, filling the container with a fixed oil, and setting the container in the sun for up to four weeks. On her website about herbal oils, Wellness Mama lists a number of other methods for infusing oils:

Slow Cooker Method

The slow cooker method of infusing oils entails placing plant matter and oils in a jar according to the same instructions used for the solar infusion method. A dishtowel is placed into the bottom of the cooker. The jar is added, then several inches of water, with the level staying lower than the top of the jar lid. Next, the slow cooker should be set at the warm setting while it allows the oils and plant matter to infuse for as many as 24 hours. The temperature should be checked every 4 hours to ensure it does not exceed 130 degrees. The longer the plant matter infuses in the oil, the stronger the oil will be.

Double Boiler Method

This is a fast method for infusing oils. To proceed, place 2” of water in a double boiler. Place the plant matter and oils in the top of the double boiler and cover. Turn on medium heat until the water begins to simmer. Reduce the heat to low. Simmer the mixture on low heat for up to 4 hours, checking the temperature and water levels periodically. When the oil turns dark and begins to take on the scent of the herbs, remove the double boiler from the heat and strain through a cheesecloth or strainer.

How are Infused Oils Used in Soap?

In an article by New England Handmade Artisan Soaps, it is noted that using infused oils in soap can imbue unique qualities in the soap. For instance, chamomile or calendula infusions can impart a lovely butter yellow to the finished product. The oils add slight scent as well.

Here are some unique, fragrant combinations of ingredients that can be used in infused oils for soap making:

  • Citrus, nuts, organic vanilla
  • Rosehips, mint
  • ​Lavender, mint
  • ​Lemon balm, mint
  • ​Rose, chamomile
  • ​Coffee bean, organic vanilla
  • Marshmallow root, comfrey
  • ​Plantain (herb), marshmallow root
  • Verbena, lemon

Using Infused Oils for Soap Coloration

Jo Haslauer's article in Modern Soapmaking, mentions that clear, bright colors can be achieved by using specific plant infused oils. The author states that she replaces a percentage of her base soap making oils with infused oils. For instance, to make a deep purple soap, she used oil that was infused with the European plant, Alkanet. Here are some other soap colorations created with the use of oils infused with the following plant materials:

  • Orange -Turmeric
  • Orange -Paprika
  • Blue- Woad
  • Pink-Yellowdock
  • Pink - Rhubarb
  • Yellow -Saffron
  • Yellow-Annatto
  • Purple - Gromwell
  • Purple - Ratanjot
  • Green - Comfrey
  • Green - Nettle

Did You Know? A Note About Nut Oils

There exists a certain amount of confusion about using nut oils in infused oils. Most of these types of oils are not infusions but are the oils that are pressed from the meats of the nuts. Nut oils are not generally used for cooking but rather used in cold preparations, such as certain salad dressings, and as condiments. The exception is coconut oil.

Essential Oils: and the Why, How and When to use them

Facts about Essential Oils

Over 3,000 varieties of volatile aromatic compounds have been identified to date

Essential Oils can trigger memories and emotions

Essential Oils can purify your home

Can enhance spiritual awareness

Caution: Keep out of reach of children. If you are pregnant, nursing, taking medication, or have a medical condition, consult a health professional prior to use. If contact with skin occurs, avoid direct sunlight or UV rays for up to 12 hours.

Storage: Keep in a cool, dark place.

Essential Oils have been used for thousands of years in various cultures for medicinal and health purposes. Essential oil uses range from aromatherapy, household cleaning products, personal beauty care and natural medicine treatments.
The particles in essential oils come from distilling or extracting the different parts of plants, including the flowers, leaves, bark, roots, resin, and peels. In ancient times, Jews and Egyptians made essential oils by soaking the plants in oil and then filtering the oil through a linen bag.
Essential oil benefits come from their antioxidant, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties.
These healing oils are rapidly growing in popularity because they act as natural medicine without any side effects. Ready to harness the power of the world’s most proven therapeutic compounds?

What You Need to Know About Essential Oils

Aristotle believed that all matter is composed of fire, air, earth, and water. In addition to these four elements, there was a fifth, which was quintessence, or life force. The processes of evaporation and distillation of plants were believed at that time, to remove the spirit or life force from the plant. The idea of essential oils is derived from the concept of quintessence.
Essential is a contraction of that word.A growing number of people now seek alternatives to traditional medicines so they can avoid the side effects of conventional drugs or the risks of addiction associated with narcotic pain relievers. One of the most popular natural remedies is essential oil.

What are Essential Oils?

Essential oils are powerful health and vitality boosters best known for their healing and fragrance properties. They can be used for a sizable range of physical and emotional wellness applications. The oils can be used in complex blends or as single oils, depending on the desired benefits and individual user experience.

Flint Hills Aromatherapy notes that certain oils mix well with others to create unique blends that have beneficial properties.
For instance, Clary Sage, Geranium, Vetiver, Bergamot, and Lime mix well with Basil essential oil. Cedarwood, Vetiver, Lavender, and Cypress mix well with Chamomile, and Lemon, Lime, Tangerine, Sweet Orange, Grapefruit, Rose, Ylang Ylang and Cedarwood all blend well with Cinnamon.According to DoTerra's Essential Oil Usage Guide A-Z, essential oil is comprised of compounds that are found in the various part of plants, such as the seeds, flowers, bark and stems.


It takes 30 pounds of lavender flowers to make a single 15 ml. bottle of Lavender essential oil. The oils are what give each plant its distinctive aroma. They are highly concentrated, and have been used medicinally for centuries. Many are used today as ingredients in various foods, cleaning products, homemade soap, perfumes, different types of beauty treatments and in countless other products.Lawrence (2002) states that in order for an essential oil to exist, it has to be isolated from the plant by physical means.


The physical methods used to isolate the oil are distillation with water, steam or both, or expression, otherwise known as cold pressing. This is a unique method used for oils made from citrus peels. A maceration or distillation process can also be used. This process macerates plant material in warm water to release the essential oil that is bound to the plant's enzymes.

Where can I use Essential Oils?

All Purpose cleaner: Add three drops each of Lemon oil and Tea Tree oil to a few ounces of warm water, then spray countertops to naturally disinfect.

Natural mosquito repellent: Combine one drop of Lemongrass oil, Citronella Oil and Eucalyptus oil with one teaspoon of coconut oil to make a natural bug spray and rub on exposed skin.

Clean Air: Diffuse Cinnamon oil in the air and enjoy its anti-microbial properties

Washing machine: Add 10-20 drops of your favorite scent pr load

Bathtub scrub: Mix one-half cup of baking soda, one half cup of vinegar and five drops of Bergamot or Lime oil. Use as a scrub for a sink or bathtub

Wash produce: To clean fruit and vegetables, add two drops of Lemon oil to a large bowl of warm water.

Bathroom freshener:  Put a cotton ball soaked in Lime oil in the bathroom as a freshener.

Improve sleep: Lavender oil can alleviate insomnia. Sprinkle a few drops on your pillow to help you fall asleep.

Foot bath: Add a few drops of Lemon or Eucalyptus oil to a large bowl of warm water to help soothe the feet

Homemade soap: Add essential oils of your choice to your warm or cold processed homemade soaps

How Do I Use Essential Oil?

There are four primary ways in which to use essential oil,namely aromatically, topically, internally, and in products such as body lotion.TopicallyTopical use of essential oil involves placing the oil directly on the skin and rubbing it in.
Those with sensitive skin can dilute the oil by mixing it with fractionated coconut oil, sweet almond oil, or other pure; cold-pressed carrier oils.InternallyInternal use of essential oil is controversial and should not transpire without consulting a medical professional who is knowledgeable about oils.
To ingest internally, place from one to two drops of oil under the tongue or drink in a glass of water.
The oil can also be placed inside an empty capsule and swallowed with liquid.AromaticallyAromatic use of essential oil is affected by placing a couple of drops into the palms of the hands and sniffing them, or by putting the oil in a diffuser to release particles of oil into the air for cleansing and inhalation.


Diffusers come in several different types:

  • Evaporative diffusers
  • Heat diffusers
  • Nebulizer diffusers
  • Ultrasonic/Humidifying diffusers

Evaporative diffusers contain filters upon which essential oil is dropped. The circulating air causes rapid evaporation of the oil which is blown into space by the fan.
A heat diffuser works the same way, only the filter or pad is exposed to a low-level heat source.
Ultrasonic or humidifying diffusers use water as a catalyst for the oil, which is disbursed into the air in mist form.
Nebulizer diffusers do not use water or filters but work via an atomizer that creates a gentle mist of essential oil, which is disbursed into the air.


Products that Use Essential Oil

According to New Leaf Wellness, here are some of the many products that can contain essential oil:

  • All-Purpose Cleaner
  • Natural Mosquito Repellent
  • ​Bathtub Scrub
  • ​Body Butter
  • ​Lip Balm
  • ​Natural Perfume
  • ​Acne Face Wash
  • ​Breath Freshener
  • ​Natural Skin Toners
  • Hair Conditioners
  • Homemade Shampoo
  • Homemade Deodorant
  • Sugar Scrub
  • Homemade Toothpaste
  • Body Spray
  • Hair Thickener
  • Wrinkle Cream
  • Teeth Whitener
  • Dandruff Treatments
  • Facial Scrubs

Infused Oils: How They Are Made and Their Uses
Infused or macerated oils can be used to add scent, flavor and health benefits to different types of carrier oils, such as olive, coconut or sweet almond oils. To make infused oils, herbs, flowers, peppers, nuts or other plant-based ingredients are typically transferred to specific types of oil and cooked over extremely low heat for long periods of time. This method is called digestion. Other methods of infusing oils will be discussed later in this article. Infused oils differ from essential oils in that they are less concentrated, and different processes are used to make them.

Top Oils Used in Soap

According to Modern Soap Making, the top ten oils included in soaps are:

  • Lavender, such as Lavandin Grosso or Lavandin Abrialis.
  • Rosemary, such as Spanish Rosemary or Moroccan Rosemary.
  • Folded Lemon, in a steam distilled form.
  • ​Cedarwood, including Atlas, Himalayan and Virginian varieties.
  • ​Dark Patchouli, preferably aged varieties.
  • ​Clary Sage, preferably the Bulgarian variety.
  • ​Folded Sweet Orange, as opposed to bitter orange, due to photosensitivity.
  • Peppermint, that blends well with citrus, bergamot, cedarwood, lemon, lavender, rosemary, tea tree and evergreen or woodsy oils, such as fir or pine.
  • ​Bergamot, preferably the bergaptene-free variety.
  • Tea Tree, preferably the Australian or lemon tea tree varieties

Can essential oil cause allergic reactions?

According to doTerra, essential oil does not contain allergens. In other words, the best essential oil does not have contaminants or synthetic ingredients that cause allergic reactions. However, the concentrated nature of natural essential oil makes certain sensitive individuals vulnerable to sensitivity symptoms under specific conditions.

Therefore, even though this is unlikely to occur, common sense precautions should be exercised when using any essential oil. If an undesired reaction occurs, the offending oil should be withdrawn from use until a physician who is knowledgeable about oils can be consulted. Since essential oil is, by nature, a highly concentrated formula, the likelihood of developing a sensitivity reaction can be reduced by diluting the oil with fractionated coconut oil.

Essential Oil Sensitivity Symptoms:

  • Skin swelling, pain or tenderness
  • Itchy skin
  • Boils, hives or rashes
  • Upset stomach
  • Breathing difficulties

Although sensitivity reactions are not likely to occur, it is wise to conduct a simple skin test before embarking upon the topical use of a given
essential oil. Merely 1-2 drops of essential oil with 3–6 drops of carrier oil, such as fractionated coconut or sweet almond oil, and apply the mixture to an inconspicuous area of skin. Let the oil fully absorb into the skin, followed by repeated examinations of the area over several hours.
Should pain, redness, swelling, itchiness, or other undesired symptoms occur, a sensitivity to that particular oil might exist, indicating the need to discontinue use of that oil.

Can essential oil be used during pregnancy?

According to Dr. Lindsey Elmore of Young Living, the choice to use essential oil during pregnancy is a decision that should be made through consultation with one's doctor or other medical professionals who are knowledgeable about their usage. While no firm rules apply, some doctors advise their patients to avoid or use only small amounts of the following oils:

  • Sage
  • Clary Sage
  • Wintergreen
  • Fennel
  • Hyssop
  • Idaho Tansy

Pregnant women should also be judicious about using supplements or blends that contain the particular oils mentioned above.

How do I know Which Essential Oil to Use?

Here are some of the most popular oils and some of the things that they treat:

Arborvitae

Arborvitae promotes healthy cell function and immune system, is used for allergy relief, and works as a powerful cleansing and purifying agent.

Basil

Basil can be used effectively for abdominal cramps, amenrrhea, bee stings, bursitis, chronic fatigue, earache, fatigue, insect bites, migraine, muscle spasms, restless leg syndrome, tendinitis, torn ligaments or muscles and vertigo.

Bergamot

Bergamot provides effective relief for colic, sadness, irritability and stress.

Black Pepper

Black pepper contains powerful antioxidant properties. It improves circulation, works as a digestive aid, curbs the urge to smoke and enhances mood. 

Cardamom

Cardamom supports the respiratory system, helps clear breathing passages, works well for motion sickness and elevates the mood. It can also be effectively used to treat indigestion.

Cassia

Cassia is one of the best treatments for boils. It is also used to treat typhoid fever.

Cedarwood

Cedarwood is used to help relax both the body and the mind. It is also used to help support respiratory function, and to promote healthy, clear skin.

Eucalyptus

Eucalyptus is used to treat allergies, bronchitis and asthma. It is shown to be an effective cough remedy, and is used for congestion, hay fever, hypoglycemia, pneumonia and to treat poison ivy rashes.

Frankincense

Frankincense can assist people who have problems with absentmindedness, amnesia,aneurysms, arthritis, autism, concussions, sadness, inflammation, liver disorders, mental fatigue, metal toxicity, ovarian cysts, Parkinson's Disease, polio, schizophrenia, seizures and wrinkles.

Helichrysum

Helichrysum is used to treat alcoholism, aneurysm, circulation disorders, hemorrhoids, tinnitus, tissue regeneration, torn tendons and varicose veins.

Lavender

Lavender is one of the most widely used oils. It is used for the treatment of insect bites ,anxiety, arrhythmia, bruises, calming, cuts, scrapes, skin allergies, ear infections, itching, eczema, heat stroke,, insomnia, measles, burns, poison ivy, atherosclerosis, rashes, stress and sunburn.

Lemon

Lemon essential oil is used to treat coughs, dysentery, gallbladder stones, greasy hair, gout, kidney stones, gout and sore throats.

Lemongrass

Lemongrass is used to treat bladder infections, connective tissue trauma, carpal tunnel syndrome, gastritis, high cholesterol, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, metal toxicity, muscle spasms, tissue regeneration, torn tendons, urinary tract infections and varicose veins.

Rosemary

Rosemary is used for gallbladder issues, gout, kidney stones, hangovers and sort throats.

Vetiver

Vetiver is a balancing oil that works on absentmindedness, hyperactivity, memory loss and autism.

In his publication, 101 Ways to Use Essential Oil, the benefits of oil usage comes from their anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antimicrobial properties. The oils are quickly growing in popularity because they can treat various illnesses and other conditions without side effects.

It is important to use only the highest quality therapeutic grade oils available.

Common problems and how to treat them:

Here are some common problems that can be treated with oils, and the recommended oils to use with each one

Acne

Lavender, Melaleuca or Lemongrass work well for the treatment of acne. To use, apply up to three drops topically to the affected area up to twice a day. Adjust the number of drops used according to the severity of the problem and the size of the area that is effected.

Alertness

Peppermint oil can be diffused into the air or rubbed into the palms of the hands and inhaled as needed for a quick pick-me-up.

Discomfort from Arthritis

Frankincense or Peppermint oil may be used by applying a a drop or two topically to the affected area as needed. Small amounts applied frequently work best.

Athlete's Foot

A good oil remedy for athlete's foot is Oregano or Melaleuca. To use, apply up to three drops topically to the area between the toes and around the toenails twice daily until symptoms subside.

Bloating

Peppermint or Clary Sage work well for bloating. Apply a few drops topically to the stomach area, or rub a few drops on the soles of the feet before bedtime. Please consult a physician before using Clary Sage if pregnant.

Bronchitis

Eucalyptus or Thyme can be topically applied to the chest and neck area as an effective treatment for bronchitis. Alternatively, one can gargle a few drops of either of these oils in warm water, or diffuse one into the air and inhale.

Bruising

Helichrysm or Geranium oil may be effectively used to treat bruises. Apply a few drops topically to the affected area several times a day.

Cellulite

Cellulite can be treated with Grapefruit or Lemon essential oil. Topically massage three drops vigorously on the direct location of the cellulite daily, especially prior to exercising. Additionally, two drops may be added to eight ounces of water to be sipped throughout the day.

Insomnia

Lavender or Roman Chamomile oil can all be used to treat insomnia. To use, add up to 5 drops to a warm bath, or rub topically on the soles of the feet before going to bed at night.

Indigestion

Indigestion can be effectively treated by using ginger or peppermint oils

Jet Lag

Peppermint, Bergamot and Rosemary are the best oils to use to rejuvenate oneself after a long flight.

Joint Soreness

For sore joints, wintergreen or peppermint oils are quite effective.

Leg Cramps

Leg cramps can be effectively treated with Clary sage or Cypress oils.

Mental Fatigue

Lemongrass or peppermint work well to make the mind more alert and to eliminate mental fatigue.

Migraine

Migraine headaches respond well to peppermint oil.

Motion Sickness

Ginger, Peppermint or Lavender oils are effective remedies for motion sickness.

Muscle Stiffness

Lemongrass is often used effectively to treat muscle stiffness.

Neck Soreness

Wintergreen is often used to treat neck soreness.

Nose Bleeds

Lavender, Geranium or Helichrysum are three oils that work well to help eliminate nose bleeds.

Osteoporosis

Lemongrass, Clove or Melaleuca are used for the treatment and prevention of osteoporosis.

PMS

The best essential oil to use for PMS is Vlary Sage, Bergamot or Geranium.

Poison Ivy

Poison Ivy can be effectively treated with Melaleuca, Rose oil or Lavender.

Psoriasis

Helichrysum, Melaleuca or Roman Chamomile are the best oil choices for the treatment of psoriasis.

Rashes

Rashes usually respond positively to Melaleuca, Lavender or Roman Chamomile oils.

Restless Leg Syndrome

The best oils to use for restless leg syndrome are Marjoram or Cypress.

Ringworm

Oregano or Melaleuca are excellent oil choices for the treatment of ringworm.

Sadness

Frankincense stands at the forefront of oils used to treat sadness or depression.

Scarring

Scars may be effectively treated with Frankincense, Lavender or Helichrysum

Shingles

Melaleuca, Melissa or Sandalwood have been shown to be effective in the treatment of shingles.

Sore Throat

Lemon or Melaleuca are effective oils to use for sore throats.

Stress

Grapefruit or Bergamot work well to reduce stress levels.

Sprains

Reach for the basil or wintergreen oils to treat sprains.

Stomach Ache

Either Peppermint or Ginger work well for an upset stomach.

Sunburn

Lavender, Peppermint or Melaleuca have the power to soothe a painful sunburn.

Teeth Grinding

Lavender is the oil to use for those who grind their teeth.

Tennis Elbow

Try peppermint to help sooth the pain of tennis elbow.

Tension

Lavender is a great tension soother.

Tinnitus

Tinnitus responds well to treatment with Peppermint, Geranium or Helichrysm.

Tonsillitis

Ease the pain and swelling associated with tonsillitis by using Oregano or Melaleuca.

Toothache

The best oils to use for a toothache are Melaleuca or Clove.

Wasp Stings

Lavender can effectively sooth a wasp sting.

Warts

The regular application of Oregano or Melaleuca oils can help shrink warts.

Wrinkles

Apply Frankincense or Helichrysum directly to wrinkles to see them gradually lessen or fade away.

History of Lavender Lavandula


Lavender

Lavandula, or Lavender, is a powerfully aromatic shrub that is part of the Lavandula angustifolia subspecies Angustifolia, or the subspecies Pyrenaica, commonly referred to as the mint family. It's most widely cultivated species is Lavandula angustifolia, curiously known as English Lavender, although the species is not native to England. The plant is also known as garden lavender. Lavender is one of the most widely used of the essential oils. The lavender plant is best known for its multiple uses, its pleasant floral fragrance, and its visual beauty.

Lavender shrubs grow as high as 6.6 feet tall. Its evergreen leaves are generally from 0.79 to 2.36 inches long, and up to .24 inches broad. The flowers of the lavender plant are a pinkish-purple color that is named after the plant. The flowers are produced on spikes that are approximately 3.15 inches long at the top of slender stems that do not have leaves.

While best known as an ornamental plant, this hearty shrub is used as a herbal medicine, either in the form of herbal tea or as lavender oil. Its flowers are sometimes used as a culinary herb that is included in the French blend, herbes de Provence. 

Lavender Oil History

Lavender was first used for medicinal purposes in India, the Middle East, and the Mediterranean, some 2500 years ago. It was referred to as “nardus” or “nard” by the ancient Greeks, after the city of Naarda in Syria. The plant was revered as a holy herb, and was used in holy essences, referred to as “spikenard,” in the Bible, and is believed by Biblical scholars to have been used on the infant Jesus, and as an anointment after the crucifixion in preparation for his burial.

Decorative urns containing lavender residues were found in Egyptian tombs, where the herb was used in the Egyptians mummification process.

During the Renaissance, lavender was used during the Plague to protect people against infections. Lice carried the disease on rats, and lavender was used for its effective insect repellent properties.

It was also used during the Victorian Era, when Queen Victoria appointed Sarah Sprules, as its official purveyor. Furniture and floors were washed in lavender, and the linens were perfumed with its scent. Its popularity quickly spread among wealthy English women who would scent themselves and their homes with the sweet scent. As its demand grew, it began to be cultivated through commercial farms to help maintain its supplies.

The lavender used today was rediscovered by one of the founders of aromatherapy, who had burned himself, and plunged his arm into the lavender essential oil. He noted that the wound quickly healed, did not become infected, and did not scar. Lavender was also used during WWI, as an antibacterial dressing for wounds when soldiers would present with injuries.

The word Lavender comes from the Latin “lavare,” which means “to wash”. Today, its largest producer is Provence, France. It is also commercially grown in the United States, Canada, Bulgaria, Australia, Japan, Spain, Russia, and in the Netherlands. It is generally distilled using the steam method of distillation.

What is steam distillation?

Extracting essential oils by steam distillation takes place three different ways:

  • Straight steam
  • Water distillation
  • Steam/water distillation

Lavender is distilled using the straight steam method. This method involves forcing steam through the plant material, then collecting the essential oil. The steam is used to rupture the membranes in the plant, which releases the oil. The oil travels to a condenser where the lighter essential oil separates and floats to the top. The water is removed from the mixture and used as a hydrosol or floral water. The oil becomes essential oil.

Uses for Lavender Essential Oil:

A few drops of lavender oil can be added to virtually any recipe to enhance the flavor of the food. People add it to lemonade or tea, to cookies and other desserts, to salad dressings and to many other foods to impart a rich, herbal overtone that boosts the natural flavors of the ingredients. 

In addition to being used as a culinary addition, Lavender essential oil can be used to enhance beauty products, such as shampoos, hair rinses, body scrubs, massage oils and beauty creams. It can be used as a natural deodorant, insect repellent, and as an antibacterial cleanser. Lavender also has many different therapeutic uses. The oil can be ingested internally in capsules, diffused or rubbed onto the body, as needed.

It can be used therapeutically for the following purposes:

  • Pain relief
  • Mental clarity
  • Arrythia
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Bruises
  • Burns
  • Diaper rash
  • Ear infection
  • Gardia
  • Heat Stroke
  • Insomnia
  • Itching
  • Measles
  • Poison ivy
  • Rash
  • Skin allergies
  • Sunburn
  • Anti-fungal agent
  • Calming agent
  • Sleep aid
  • Pain relief
  • Promotion of respiratory health
  • Improvement of digestion
  • Insect bites
  • Cold sore
  • Dandruff
  • Hay fever
  • Chapped lips
  • Dry skin
  • Nosebleed
  • Motion Sickness
  • Eczema
  • Dermatitis
  • Minor cuts and scrapes
  • Minor burns
  • Bee stings


A 2009 study published in the Journal of Peri-anesthesia Nursing found that lavender essential oil could effectively reduce preoperative anxiety as a simple, low risk, cost-effective intervention with the potential to improve preoperative outcomes, and increase patient satisfaction.

Another study, published in Perspectives in Public Health, found that lavender essential oil helped patients who suffered from stress-related disorders and that it encouraged the healing process by causing the patients to relax, thus, relieving the stress.

The study stated that essential oils, in general, have an effect on brainwaves and can also alter behavior. The effects of the oils are most likely transmitted through the brain through the olfactory system.

Betts, Fox, Rooth, and MacCallum (1995) found that lavender oil was effective in treating Epileptic seizures.

Buckles (1993) published evidence that lavender essential oil works to calm pregnant women in childbirth. An article in Modern Midwife (1995) noted lavender essential oil's effectiveness in perineal repair after childbirth.

How to Use Lavender Essential Oil

Aromatically

  • Affects niid
  • Cleanses the air
  • Opens airways

Topically

  • Quickly absorbs through the skin
  • Full body benefit
  • Immune support
  • Immediate comfort

Apply a few drops directly on the skin and rub in.

Internally

  • Benefits mouth and throat
  • Supports digestive system
  • Supports immunity

Place 1 to 2 drops under the tongue, or mix in a glass of water and drink, or place a drop in an empty capsule and swallow.

PLEASE remember to check if the brand and type of essential oil you have can be used internally before using it.


Lavender allergic reactions and precautions:

According to the National Institutes of Health online medical encyclopedia Medline Plus, the most common symptoms of an allergic reaction to lavender include a skin rash, headache, burning sensations in the throat or eyes, blurred vision, vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, difficulty breathing and chills. Should any of these symptoms present themselves, one should seek immediate medical assistance. 

Resource links

World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew". kew.org.


http://www.lavendersense.com

"Lavandula angustifolia". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 28 July 2017.

http://everything-lavender.com

https://www.mindbodygreen.com


The use of the essential oil lavandin to reduce preoperative anxiety in surgical patients
R Braden, S Reichow, MA Halm - Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing, 2009 


Essential oils and 'aromatherapy': their modern role in healing 
M. Lis-Balchin
First Published October 1, 1997 


Betts T., Fox C., Rooth K. and MacCallum R. (1995). An olfactory countermeasure treatment for Epileptic seizures using a conditioned arousal response to specific aromatherapy oils. Epilepsia; 36(suppl 3), S130


Buckle J. (1993). Does it matter which lavender oil is used? Nurs Times; 89(20), 32-35 Burns E. and Blamey C. (1994). Using aromatherapy in childbirth. Nurs Times; 90, 54-58 Google Scholar


Cornwell S. and Dale A. (1995). Lavender oil and perineal repair. Modern Midwife; 5, 31-33 


http://www.livestrong.com


Essential Oil Usage Guide -A-Z – Doterra Inc.